I’m looking for the academic name, or examples of pattern finding that is like

Tree/apple is to vine/(tomato)

There are other examples that probably illustrate different thought domains;

is this a concept that has a name?

1 Answer 1


That is called an analogy. They were removed from the test in 2005.

  • 3
    I usually see them worded as "tree is to apple, as vine is to (tomato)" ... which would make it a simile instead of a metaphor (since the comparison is made using the word 'like' or 'as'). Sep 20, 2021 at 15:51
  • 1
    @ruakh: Ah, that makes more sense.
    – sharur
    Sep 21, 2021 at 0:40

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