Most children I am aware of go through the make a mess or destroy things phase of exploration. It's tough and more than a little bit annoying. These are some of the things that I have learned and worked for me to help reduce the occurrence of messes and destruction.
It's crucial to lock all the cabinets, doors, or drawers you don't want to be touched. It's very annoying, but this is key to protecting those things. Keeping things out of sight and out of reach is effective for things that can't just be stored in a cabinet.
I found with my kids that it was best to put their toys not in bins on the ground but stacked containers, ideally transparent ones, at eye level or as close to eye level as possible. We sometimes forget that they don't always think to look in closed boxes for their own things. It sounds silly, but one thing I did was wander around my house on my hands and knees to make sure they could see things that they liked and were okay to play with.
Exploration is a big part of child development, so it's natural and important for your child to do that. We have a specific kitchen drawer filled with our Tupperware, spatulas, measuring cups, and large soup spoons. We keep this unlocked so our kids can get in there and mess up something that is non-valuable and easy to clean up. This really deters them from trying to break into things that they want. Something my oldest was more than adept at doing at that age.
Once we started doing the above with our second child, it greatly reduced the number of messes. It destroyed valuables since they could explore and get into different house areas without too much trouble.