A lot of other questions here have a similar theme, but I want to address a specific problem that I couldn't find answers for.
My sister has no interest in reading at all - she's 5 (going to reception in the UK), and pretends that she can't read if I ask her to. She always asks me to read and write for her. It takes a lot of effort to get her to read.
From reading with her, I think this is because English spelling is very erratic and the same letter groups don't always make the same sound, so she gets confused and discouraged when trying to infer pronunciation from one word to another. For example, "ough" can sound like "off" in cough but it's "ow" in bough, even though it's the same group of letters. She might read "cough" correctly and then read "bough" as boff. I'm going to go over phonics with her to help her with this. I gently correct her and tell her that it's pronounced differently, but she still feels discouraged afterwards and then starts to refuse to read the books at all.
As far as I can tell, this discouragement from not getting it right is why she is always asking me to read and write things for her. How can I help her to not feel discouraged by making mistakes when reading?