Online predators can be known people as well as unknown.
What does the child need to know before going online to stop being a prey?
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How you tell them depends on their age, but the key messages to get over are:
There are bad people on the Internet. Some of them like to hurt children. They are like bullies who never grew up.
You can meet off-line friends on-line, but be careful what you say in chatrooms where other people might be listening.
Some people on the Internet lie about who they are. Sometimes they pretend to be children like you in order to trick you. Be friendly, but always remember that they might not be telling the truth.
Never tell anyone you meet on-line your name (use a handle), your age or where you live or go to school. Its OK to say what country you live in.
Never send anyone a picture of you. Not even if they send you a picture of them.
If anyone starts being nasty to you on-line, tell a grown-up.
If anyone starts asking naughty/sexual questions, or shows you naughty/sexual pictures, tell a grown-up.
If anyone you meet on-line wants to meet in the real world, tell a grown-up.
Don’t say: Never talk to strangers. Say: You should not approach just anyone. If you need help, look for a uniformed police officer, a store clerk with a nametag, or a parent with children.
Don’t say: Stay away from people you don’t know. Say: It’s important for you to get my permission before going anywhere with anyone.
Don’t say: You can tell someone is bad just by looking at them. Say: Pay attention to what people do. Tell me right away if anyone asks you to keep a secret, makes you feel uncomfortable, or tries to get you to go with them.