Unfortunately this is not actually possible. That 'scientifically proven' bit is not true.
The problem is that if you play loud noises into the ear, you will begin to damage the ear. Headphones and earphones are much closer to the ear so the noise levels felt by the ear are much louder than you may expect.
The only safe way to use earphones is to play them at a sensible volume. Which is why various mp3 devices come with a volume limiter. None actually stop you overriding the limiter, but require you to make a couple of extra selections.
So the solution is education and awareness. In the UK the Musician's Union publish a lot of information on this, and they provide free annual ear tests to musicians. If in any doubt, I'd suggest getting your daughter along to an equivalent session, or perhaps visit an ENT department at your local hospital - they will have horror stories that would turn anyone away from loud noises.