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Lately I've been hearing some of my friends talking about the Rapley method of introducing solid food to your child, skipping the "mashed food" phase almost completely. They claim mashed food is unnatural and most of it nowadays is marketing anyway, to get us to buy prepared bottles and food processors.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the Rapley Method? Will a child have enough food and variation by eating directly solids?

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I hope they don't suggest that it's actually unnatural. Mothers in ancient times mashed food by pre-chewing it for their babies. I generally agree with what I read on their website and didn't see that claim, however. –  Joe May 13 at 10:43

3 Answers 3

up vote 7 down vote accepted

I'll start by saying that this is the first time I've heard of the name "Rapley method," but I did a sort of middle ground between that and spoon feeding (basically, I fed my son mashed food, but was simply his hands until he could do it himself, how much he ate was dictated by him, and the process as a whole was baby-led). Here are some of the advantages/disadvantages to the method that I can think of, based on my experience:

Advantages

  • You don't have to sit there and feed baby yourself, allowing you to supervise while enjoying your own meal.
  • Your baby has full control of how much s/he eats at a sitting, fostering trust in his/her own hunger/full signals.
  • You don't have to deal with taking the time to mash the food, or spend extra money on buying pre-made mashed food.
  • Baby is less likely to choke, because s/he is in full control over what goes in his/her mouth, and where it goes. (Note - I found that my son would occasionally "choke" in the sense that some food would start going down his throat before it's chewed up enough or before he was ready to swallow, but he always coughed it up on his own and soon learned how to not choke and what to do if he does.)
  • It encourages following baby's cues for transitioning to solids, which can encourage parents to follow baby for other cues, as well as ensures that the transition to solids is done with the baby is ready, and not by the parents trying to base it on when an article or book says when baby should be doing something. (Many people see the milestones as deadlines, and it can be a cause for anxiety in the parents and added pressure on both the parents and the baby.)

Disadvantages

  • Things will be messier at first, as baby learns what to do with these new little things you've put in front of him/her.
  • You will likely waste more food, because baby has decided to mash it into the table, or various other places, especially before s/he realizes it's edible.
  • Baby may not start on solid food until s/he's a bit older. This means breast/bottle feeding for longer, and possibly more frequently, as baby's needs start to outpace what milk can provide, until baby is at least mostly weaned.
  • It may delay baby's use of utensils. If you start with finger foods, it may be easy to forget to incorporate foods that require a spoon or fork and doesn't expose him/her to the spoon as early as feeding him/her mashed foods might.

As for your question on whether a child will have enough food and variation - at first, no, most of his/her nutrition will still come from breast/bottle feeding for a while, until you build the variety, and s/he starts seeing the food as actual food (and not as toys that happen to be edible). It's recommended to introduce new food with a couple of days between introductions (regardless of when you start introducing solids, you just may start a little earlier with mashed foods). This means that, at first, baby will only be familiar with a few foods. This will gradually grow in both number and variety as you introduce foods.

That doesn't mean that the "solid food" sessions have to be devoid of either nutrition or taste. I found things like blueberries, avocado, bananas, and steamed carrots to be great starter foods. They're soft enough to not require a full set of teeth, and are packed with nutrition and taste. (On a side note, it's been my experience that the old adage of introducing veggies before fruits so they don't "develop a sweet tooth" is a myth, and introducing and re-introducing the foods is what matters most.)

One thing to keep in mind is protein - most protein-rich foods aren't introduced until quite a bit later, due to their texture. This means that most of baby's protein will be from the breast/bottle for a while. I didn't find it to be a big deal, but if you're finding that your baby is taking to solids and weaning faster than you can introduce protein-rich foods, it might be something to keep in mind, and some ideas for starter foods of this type include tender and thinly-cut/sliced meats (deli turkey is great, just watch the sodium levels, as is pulled pork), cheeses, yogurts (once they're old enough to consume dairy products), etc.

If you've done baby-led feeding with breast or bottle, baby should keep that habit into solid foods, so you shouldn't have to worry about him/her eating enough, as long as s/he can eat when s/he indicates that s/he's hungry and is allowed to stop when s/he indicates that s/he's full. Learning sign language signs for "hungry"/"eat" and "all done" can help with communication.

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Love your answer, it really addresses multiple concerns. Thanks! –  Konerak Apr 9 '12 at 17:42
1  
Another very helpful sign is "more". –  Rachel May 3 '12 at 2:33

we have used a similar method (defined where I live as "self-weaning") with our daughter (now almost 3). The basic observation is that the digestive apparatus of infants become basically "mature" (as in the same or very close to the "adult" version) around 6 months (this is also indicated here: http://www.rapleyweaning.com/assets/blwleaflet.pdf) The other observation is that a baby is curious and will put everything in his/her mouth.

So our method worked like this:

  • you make sure the baby eats enough. Since babies do not speak, you can observe him/her. If it cries (and you can find no other reasonable source) or tries to undress the mother for breastmilk, well, that's a clue :)
  • you don't give him/her food, but rather offer what you are eating: this also forces the parents to eat in a balanced way. It's a good way to follow a good diet, since what you eat will also feed your kid
  • there's no limit, really: we had wonderful experiences with tomatoes (we found pieces of tomato for a few days :D) and not so fun with pasta (because it didn't look like food)
  • choking is something you should worry about: you make sure the food is of the appropriate size
  • also, the size should be so that the baby can pick it up: peas proved somewhat difficult, for instance
  • we don't eat meat often, and in the time we were self-weaning our daughter we used to integrate her diet with mashed meat or fish
  • we moved to utensils quite fast (as in "look dear, there's a spoon, we can use it like this"). We use colored spoons and fork (plastic). Now she uses utensils in a proper way, also the spoon for broth.

Other observations:

  • it's fun
  • it's a also a good stimulus: food doesn't have only taste, but also texture, consistency, shape, color and so on
  • it puts the whole family around the table at the same time, and everybody's eating in his/her own way, which is a great plus, IMHO
  • my wife decided to breastfeed our daughter until she was a little over one year old. Over time that became more and more something like a bedtime ritual than proper feeding. This has obviously integrated self-weaning (as Shauna was mentioning)
  • we don't have any history of food allergies. If you do, it's worth going step by step in adding elements to the baby's diet.

Outcome and observations:

we never had problems (our daughter is of robust build: taller than kids older than her). Stools become solid rather suddenly, this was a surprise, mostly for her. Unrelated: we had to, after consulting with our pediatrician, integrate during the winters with Vitamin D and Fluoride for the teeth.

My opinion: I would repeat the same path. It was not stress-free, but definitely a worth investment of our time. Also, our daughter sits with us during dinner now: she probably sees as "natural" the fact that we sit around the table eating and does not leave before we're done.

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It was pretty limited at first feeding solids instead of mush. I didn't use the Rapley method specifically, but my baby wanted to feed himself, not have me spoon feed him. Since he was still nursing good, I wasn't too worried about lack of nutrition. Also, as @Shauna mentioned, it is recommended to introduce new foods one at a time anyways, so whatever method you use, there will be little variety at the beginning. I addition to avocado, cooked carrots, and peaches, and things like that, I found a recipe for some baby biscuits made with baby oatmeal, which were very soft and healthy.

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