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Is there any scientific evidence that non-harmful spanking does or does not exist? Furthermore, is it ever effective (whether or not it is harmful)?

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This question is closely related to this one. See other questions related to spanking. –  Torben Gundtofte-Bruun Jun 12 '11 at 19:43
    
I've cleaned up the "conversational" (read: bickering) comments. If you want to discuss, please do it in the chat room. –  HedgeMage Jun 13 '11 at 6:10
    
@Hedge Thank you. –  Ready To Learn Jun 13 '11 at 7:12
    
    
Just found this (with citations): psychologytoday.com/blog/moral-landscapes/201309/… –  Dave Clarke Sep 10 '13 at 23:22
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3 Answers

Here is the resolution on corporal punishment by the American Psychological Association.

The resolution includes this part:

Research has shown that the effective use of punishment in eliminating undesirable behavior requires precision in timing, duration, intensity, and specificity, as well as considerable sophistication in controlling a variety of relevant environmental and cognitive factors, such that punishment administered in institutional settings, without attention to all these factors, is likely to instill hostility, rage, and a sense of powerlessness without reducing the undesirable behavior

This indicates that punishment can be used effectively. However, there are a number of variables that make it generally impractical, as mishandling these variables will most likely result in severe negative consequences, in addition to failing to adjust the behavior as intended.

Unfortunately I do not have direct access to the research that the association referenced to arrive at this resolution.

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It seems like this resolution and basis for it's reasoning only address punishment administered in institutional settings. I would think this is quite different, phsychologically, from home setting (still a relevant answer to the question of course). –  Ilari Kajaste Jun 13 '11 at 8:10
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It is easy to do a biblical study. Here is a great resource: http://parentingfreedom.com/discipline/

Here is a recent study: http://articles.cnn.com/2009-09-16/health/spanking.children.parenting_1_spanked-new-study-author-and-research-scientist?_s=PM:HEALTH

And non-harmful is hard to evaluate. For example Lydia Schatz was beaten to death and the cause of death was rhabdomyolsis. This is a break down in the muscle fibers that lead to kidney or heart failure. So a parent might not see what is happening internally (physically). And of course internally emotionally

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Links to references and resources are always appreciated, but it would be more helpful if you could put a summary, or at least some relevant quotes, from the articles you linked directly into your answer. –  Beofett Jul 7 '11 at 12:13
    
I took a look at the articles you listed. The question was specifically asking for scientific evidence about whether non-harmful spanking exists. References from a religious text is not scientific evidence. The CNN article you linked is on a single, small-sample (2500 low-income family toddlers) study that showed that under specific circumstances, spanking was harmful. Your answer doesn't actually answer the question at all. –  Beofett Jul 7 '11 at 12:20
    
You say "biblical". I assume you mean "a literature study", not a bible study. –  drxzcl Jul 7 '11 at 15:12
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I don't think you are understanding the question. The question is not "are there any studies that show it is harmful". It has already been well established that there are studies showing harm caused by spanking. The OP is asking if there are any studies that show that spanking can be done without causing harm. You can link 1000 studies showing that spanking can cause harm without ever answering that question. –  Beofett Jul 8 '11 at 1:00
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Bible studies are hardly scientific, nor conclusive: bible.com/bibleanswers_result.php?id=153 –  Dave Clarke May 11 '12 at 16:07
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Here is the problem with most studies conducted on children. Todays mainstream view on spanking is if you spank a child you'll produce an aggressive individual.
And as evidence we're presented with violent people who where beat by their parents and they conclude the relationship.
None of those studies are controlled on genetics. Children are not blank slates, they do come with predetermined sets of personalities, which of course are not complicity fixed, but it would be foolish to ignore them.
For example child from a violent parent can be violent because of her/his genes, as many of other distinct physiological treats, for example temperament, curiosity, sense of humor etc.
There is another part to this story and of course it's the intensity of physical reaction towards the child, spanking and hitting the child with a fist should not be put in the same category as it's done in popular parenting manuals.

There are situations where spanking is absolutely the only way. If you have a child that continually does something which indangers her/his life, like poking fingers into electric socket, and you say "no", than "NO", than "NOO!", and she/he just laughs and continues to do so, you need to physically remove the child from harms way. Trying to explain the concept is good of course, but if it doesn't work you need to spank the child.
There is no proof that spanking is not the right method of parenting in combination of other pedagogical measures.

EDIT:
I've been asked to give you studies and to go through these studies to explain my claims. I will not do that because it would take enormous amounts of time to go through all the details, it's much easier just to post articles than it is to dissect them and explain every flaw and links to all the studies are not free.
However I will give you a paragraph from Harvard psychology professor Steven Pinker's book The Blank Slate about his opinion and youtube link where he explains it in nice 24minutes talk (I'll also post the minute where he talks about parenting), with slides from some studies of human brain and behavior.
Also I'd like to ask a question if any of you in any media have ever seen an explanation of pedagogical study where genes where included in explanation? Even if you have the frequency of such articles is vastly outnumbered by ad hoc explanations of cause and effect. Yet it is so obvious to anyone who has ever interacted with another human and his parents/brothers/sisters/twins.

The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature

Chapter 19: Children page 375
..."The First Law implies that any study that measures something in parents and something in their biological children and then draws conclusion about the effects of parenting is worthless, because the correlations may simply reflect their shared genes (aggressive parents may breed aggressive children, talkative parents talkative children). But these expensive studies continue to be done and continue to be translated into parenting advice as if the heritability of all traits were zero."

Here is a youtube link, it would be good to look at the whole video (24minutes) because you'll lack context if you watch only the part about parenting that starts at 18:28:

Steven Pinker:Chalking it up to the blank slate

What I wanted to offer from the start to person who asked the question is caution when s/he looks at studies and answers, because in psychology/pedagogy while there are a lot of brilliant scientists, lot of scientists from these fields don't understand the basic scientific principle and don't have scientific integrity. S/he needs to be very skeptical when s/he follows the advice given here or from the associations of psychologists.

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-1: A high quality answer explains the basis for any opinions put forward. This answer puts forth a recommendation but does not say what reasoning or evidence (if any) that recommendation is based upon. –  HedgeMage Jun 13 '11 at 22:39
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I agree. Your points about flaws in research would be okay if you actually presented the research you're critiquing and responded to specific quotes or mentioned specific aspects. Once you get past the first or second paragraph, you're into pure unsupported speculation and personal belief. –  Ready To Learn Jun 13 '11 at 22:41
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@enedene The question specifically asked what research is available. Certainly research should be viewed critically, but making broad generalizations about the flaws you worry about in unspecified research doesn't help get the OP's question answered. –  HedgeMage Jun 14 '11 at 9:36
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I believe if an answer gets voted down to -5, it may be auto-deleted. I didn't see any signs that HedgeMage was thinking of deleting this, though. –  Beofett Jun 14 '11 at 22:59
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Believe me, I am skeptical of mainstream science in many cases, and am well aware of how money and the establishment power both cause bad research and bad results to be published. But, the cure is not to discard all research but to find better research. –  Ready To Learn Jun 15 '11 at 4:35
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